Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers.
Hand dermatitis is common in workers in the horticultural industry.
This study determined the prevalence of hand dermatitis in workers of Alstroemeria cultivation, investigated how many workers had been sensitized by tulipalin A (the allergen in Alstroemeria) and took stock of a wide range of determinants of hand dermatitis.
The 12-month period prevalence of major hand dermatitis amounted to 29.5% whereas 7.4% had minor dermatitis.
Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related determinants played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis.
Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were : female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands, it may be concluded that the Alstroemeria workers are a population at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it might be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Plante, Allergie, Horticulture, Dermatite contact, Main, Toxicité, Prévalence, Etude cohorte, Homme, Origine végétale, Allergène, Immunopathologie, Peau pathologie, Alstroemeria, Tulipaline A
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Plant, Allergy, Horticulture, Contact dermatitis, Hand, Toxicity, Prevalence, Cohort study, Human, Plant origin, Allergen, Immunopathology, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0031797
Code Inist : 002B06C04. Création : 31/05/1999.