"Recovered-memory" therapy : Profession at a turning point.
Six hundred Massachusetts-registered psychiatrists were surveyed for their opinions on items plausibly related to the production of false memories of childhood sexual abuse.
One hundred fifty-four psychiatrists completed the written questionnaire.
A majority of respondents (69%) endorsed the following statement :
« The numbers of false accusations of childhood sexual abuse, appearing to emerge from the psychotherapy of adults, constitute a real problem needing public acknowledgment as such by the mental health professions. » Nevertheless, a substantial minority endorsed the following practices : 37% endorsed searching for childhood roots of presenting complaints ;
36% endorsed validation (expressed belief) of the patient's memories as an essential part of therapy ;
36% believed in appropriateness of affect as an indicator of truth in memories ;
36% believed in the therapeutic value of abreaction ;
26% would refer presumed survivors of abuse to specialists in incest recovery ;
18% believed in ritual abuse as an important cause of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dissociative disorders ;
18% trusted symptom checklists as indicators of sexual abuse histories ;
and 15% believed that memory is a complete record of the individual's history. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychiatre, Psychothérapeute, Attitude, Abus sexuel, Traitement, Souvenir, Traumatisme infantile, Mémoire, Personnel sanitaire, Santé mentale, Homme, Victimologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Psychiatrist, Psychotherapist, Attitude, Sexual abuse, Treatment, Recollection, Early traumatism, Memory, Health staff, Mental health, Human, Victimology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0026567
Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 31/05/1999.