The aims of the study were :
1) to describe the willingness of the public to receive material of different origins in one's own body ; 2) to compare the willingness to donate and receive body material ; 3) to compare the willingness to donate while alive and after death ; 4) to compare the willingness to donate to a next-of-kin and unknown recipients.
A random sample of 1500 inhabitants, 18 to 70 yr old, in the county of Uppsala.
Sweden, were sent a questionnaire asking about their opinion on transplantation and transfusion issues.
The response rate was 71%. Ninety-five percent accepted to receive blood transfusion, 89% bone-marrow transplantation and 85% transplantation of a solid organ.
Organs from living donors were preferred (77%), then organs from deceased donors (69%), then artificial organs (63%), and last animal organs (40%). More than half of those accepting transplants made exceptions for some types of organs.
The youngest and those with higher education were more positive toward receiving all types of organs than the older ones and those with lower education.
Women were less prepared than men to accept animal organs.
Those who accepted organs from animals usually also accepted all other types of organs, and were willing to donate organs and tissue more often than those who did not accept to receive animal organs.
The readiness to support a sick family member by giving bone-marrow and even a kidney was considerable, 89 and 81%, respectively. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Don organe, Opinion publique, Homme, Homotransplantation, Organe, Tissu, Exploration, Receveur, Donneur, Origine animale, Origine humaine, Attitude, Transplantation, Chirurgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Organ donation, Public opinion, Human, Homotransplantation, Organ, Tissue, Exploration, Recipient, Donor, Animal origin, Human origin, Attitude, Transplantation, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0026346
Code Inist : 002B27C. Création : 31/05/1999.