Oral immunoglobulin has been described as preventing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants.
To prevent NEC in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW), we have carried out oral IgG prophylaxis since April 1991.
The efficacy of this prophylaxis was examined in a study comparing historical cohorts.
ELBW infants delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the University of Ulm and treated until day 28 in the level III intensive care nursery.
Division of Neonatology.
University of Ulm were included.
Cohort I. born between 1.1.1988 and 31.3.1991, received no oral IgG and served as a control [n=84, gestational age : median 26 weeks, range 24-34 : birth weight : 811 g. 490-990], cohort 2, born between 1.4.1991 and 31.12.1995 [n=137, gestational age : 26 weeks. 22-32 : birth weight : 760 g, 362-995], received 6 x 100 mg kg human IgG (Beriglobin) orally on days 1-28.
NEC, stage 2a and higher according to the modified classification of Bell, was observed in 9 of 84 (10.7%) infants of cohort I and in 11 of 137 (8%) infants of cohort 2 until day 28.
The difference did not reach statistical significance (P=0.63 Fisher's exact test).
Conclusion In this bistorical cohort study, ELBW infants were not protected against NEC by oral IgG.
The present published evidence does not allow recommendation of oral human IgG administration in preterm infants as a prophylactic measure against NEC.
Mots-clés Pascal : Entérocolite nécrosante, Prévention, Prématuré, Poids naissance extrêmement faible, Unité soin intensif, Etude cohorte, Etude comparative, Allemagne, Europe, Immunoglobuline, Origine humaine, Voie orale, Nouveau né, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Nouveau né pathologie, Gestation pathologie, Immunothérapie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Necrotizing enterocolitis, Prevention, Premature, Extremely low birthweight, Intensive care unit, Cohort study, Comparative study, Germany, Europe, Immunoglobulins, Human origin, Oral administration, Newborn, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Newborn diseases, Pregnancy disorders, Immunotherapy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0025761
Code Inist : 002B27B11. Création : 31/05/1999.