The role of pharmacists in HIV/STD prevention : evaluation of an STD syndromic management intervention in Nepal.
To evaluate the effects of a pilot sexually transmitted disease (STD) syndromic case management training for pharmacists in Nepal on STD drug dispensing behavior, HIV/STD prevention communication, and condom promotion and sales.
Pre-and post-intervention interviews with samples of 160 pharmacists were conducted utilizing the simulated client method to collect data on pharmacists'response to men reporting urethral discharge.
In order to assess the long-term effects, a sub-sample of 38 pharmacists trained 7-9 months before the follow-up survey was analysed separately.
There were no significant differences in the percentages of pharmacists who suggested taking medications, dispensed medications, or referred clients to a physician.
The proportion of pharmacists who recommended an injection declined from 27% to 14%. Prior to the intervention, only one pharmacist (0.8%) dispensed the correct drugs and regimen for the syndromic treatment of urethritis.
This increased to 45% immediately following the training.
In a sub-sample of pharmacists who were interviewed 7-9 months after the training, the correct drugs and regimen were dispensed by 26%. The proportion of pharmacists who recommended to clients to have their sex partners treated increased from 5% to 21%. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Prévention, Evaluation, Méthode, Népal, Asie, Education santé, Pharmacien, Relation interpersonnelle, Clientèle, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sexually transmitted disease, Prevention, Evaluation, Method, Nepal, Asia, Health education, Chemist, Interpersonal relation, Clientele, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0025718
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 31/05/1999.