The objective of this paper is to describe how and why socioeconomic impact assessments, as applied to HIV/AIDS in developing countries, have evolved over time and to discuss the direction that this field should be taking in the future.
This paper involves a review of existing literature and incorporates the experience of AIDSCAP/Family Health International, the AIDS and Economics Network (AEN) and other organizations working in this field.
Socioeconomic impact methodologies have become more rigorous over the last 10 years.
Concurrently, they have been applied to achieve a new understanding of the impact of AIDS on the economy.
The results have been successfully utilized because they are often compelling ; to inform, sensitize and mobilize policymakers.
At the same time, however, demand is growing for socioeconomic impact assessments to continue to evolve to meet the needs of policymakers in developing countries.
The tools that have been used in the past for performing socioeconomic impact assessments will have to change significantly to reflect the needs of policymakers for more specific, policy-oriented analyses.
Existing economic impact assessments in the field of HIV/AIDS will need to be replaced by more targeted economic research intended to encourage the development of appropriate workplace policies, mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS on families, and address critical treatment issues.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Impact socioéconomique, Soin, Santé, Evolution, Pays en développement, Méthodologie, Coût, Antiviral, Traitement, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Socioeconomic impact, Care, Health, Evolution, Developing countries, Methodology, Costs, Antiviral, Treatment, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0025117
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 31/05/1999.