In dialysis patients, blood transfusions and long-term dialysis are well-known risk factors for transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV).
Transmission of HCV by transfusions has become extremely rare since the introduction of antibody screening.
However, nosocomial transmission of HCV within dialysis units still occurs.
We performed a survey of current infection control measures against HCV in Dutch dialysis centres that had participated in a national HCV prevalence study.
All twenty-seven Dutch dialysis centres where HCV-positive patients had been identified (HCV prevalence 1-8%), participated.
With the use of a questionnaire we evaluated screening procedures for resident patients and guest patients, routine hygienic measures in HCV-positive and - negative patients, and cleaning procedures of dialysis equipment.
All centres except one screened new patients for HCV antibodies, but the frequency of periodic follow-up screening varied.
Most centres requested HCV antibody screening of guest patients in advance, but in daily practice 55% of the centres dialysed guest patients even when HCV antibody status was not available.
The majority of centres had not implemented special precautions for patients with unknown HCV antibody status.
In most centres the use of protective glasses, masks and aprons depended on the HCV antibody status of the patients. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Dialyse, Association morbide, Infection nosocomiale, Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Virus hépatite C, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Virus, Contamination biologique, Prévention, Etude critique, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe, Epuration extrarénale, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie, Insuffisance rénale, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dialysis, Concomitant disease, Nosocomial infection, Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Hepatitis C virus, Hepacivirus, Flaviviridae, Virus, Biological contamination, Prevention, Critical study, Human, Netherlands, Europe, Extrarenal dialysis, Urinary system disease, Kidney disease, Renal failure, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0023034
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 31/05/1999.