Studies suggest that between 30% and 50% of the adult population in industrialized nations use some form of complementary and/or alternative medicine (CAM) to prevent or treat a variety of health-related problems.
A comprehensive literature search identified 25 surveys conducted between 1982 and 1995 that examined the practices and beliefs of conventional physicians with regard to 5 of the more prominent CAM therapies : acupuncture, chiropractic, homeopathy, herbal medicine, and massage.
Six studies were excluded owing to their methodological limitations.
Across surveys, acupuncture had the highest rate of physician referral (43%) among the 5 CAM therapies, followed by chiropractic (40%) and massage (21%). Rates of CAM practice by conventional physicians varied from a low of 9% for homeopathy to a high of 19% for chiropractic and massage therapy.
Approximately half of the surveyed physicians believed in the efficacy of acupuncture (51%), chiropractic (53%), and massage (48%), while fewer believed in the value of homeopathy (26%) and herbal approaches (13%). Conclusions : This review suggests that large numbers of physicians are either referring to or practicing some of the more prominent and well-known forms of CAM and that many physicians believe that these therapies are useful or efficacious. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine parallèle, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Indication, Spécialité médicale, Médecin, Expérience professionnelle, Maladie, Corrélation, Acupuncture, Massage, Homéopathie, Phytothérapie, Chiropractice
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alternative medicine, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Indication, Medical specialty, Physician, Professional experience, Disease, Correlation, Acupuncture, Massage, Homeopathy, Phytotherapy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0022680
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 31/05/1999.