Context. - Adolescent smoking prevalence is tracked annually and has increased since 1991.
In contrast, little is known about trends in smoking among college students, a group that has previously been more resistant to tobacco use than other young adults.
- To examine changes in cigarette smoking among college students between 1993 and 1997 and among different types of students and colleges.
- Self-administered survey (Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study).
- One hundred sixteen nationally representative 4-year colleges.
- A total of 15 103 randomly selected students in 1993 (70% response rate) and 14251 students in 1997 (60% response rate).
- Self-reports of cigarette smoking in the past 30 days and in the past year, age at smoking first cigarette, and number of attempts to quit.
- Over 4 years, the prevalence of current (30-day) cigarette smoking rose by 27.8%, from 22.3% to 28.5% (P<. 001).
The increase was observed in 99 of 116 colleges and was statistically significant (P<. 05) in 27 (23%) of them.
Current smoking increased across all student subgroups (defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and year in school) and in all types of colleges.
Smoking is rising faster in public schools (from 22.0% to 29.3%) than in private schools (from 22.9% to 26.8%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etat sanitaire, Tabagisme, Adulte jeune, Homme, Etudiant, Université, Race, Sex ratio, Répartition géographique, Analyse statistique, Questionnaire, Etude multicentrique, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Health status, Tobacco smoking, Young adult, Human, Student, University, Race, Sex ratio, Geographic distribution, Statistical analysis, Questionnaire, Multicenter study, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0022663
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 31/05/1999.