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  1. Increased levels of cigarette use among college students : A cause for national concern.

    Article - En anglais

    Context. - Adolescent smoking prevalence is tracked annually and has increased since 1991.

    In contrast, little is known about trends in smoking among college students, a group that has previously been more resistant to tobacco use than other young adults.


    - To examine changes in cigarette smoking among college students between 1993 and 1997 and among different types of students and colleges.


    - Self-administered survey (Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study).


    - One hundred sixteen nationally representative 4-year colleges.


    - A total of 15 103 randomly selected students in 1993 (70% response rate) and 14251 students in 1997 (60% response rate).

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Self-reports of cigarette smoking in the past 30 days and in the past year, age at smoking first cigarette, and number of attempts to quit.


    - Over 4 years, the prevalence of current (30-day) cigarette smoking rose by 27.8%, from 22.3% to 28.5% (P<. 001).

    The increase was observed in 99 of 116 colleges and was statistically significant (P<. 05) in 27 (23%) of them.

    Current smoking increased across all student subgroups (defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and year in school) and in all types of colleges.

    Smoking is rising faster in public schools (from 22.0% to 29.3%) than in private schools (from 22.9% to 26.8%). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etat sanitaire, Tabagisme, Adulte jeune, Homme, Etudiant, Université, Race, Sex ratio, Répartition géographique, Analyse statistique, Questionnaire, Etude multicentrique, Epidémiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Health status, Tobacco smoking, Young adult, Human, Student, University, Race, Sex ratio, Geographic distribution, Statistical analysis, Questionnaire, Multicenter study, Epidemiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0022663

    Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 31/05/1999.