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  1. Sex differences in the use of asthma drugs : cross sectional study.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives To assess the use of asthma drugs by men and women with asthma and to identify sex specific predictors for the use of oral steroids.

    Design Cross sectional study.

    Setting Six general practices in East Anglia.

    Subjects 103 men and 134 women aged 20-54 with asthma Main outcome measures Self reported use of bêta agonists, inhaled steroids, and oral steroids.

    Results No sex difference was found in use of bêta agonists or inhaled steroids.

    However a strong association existed between sex and oral steroid use. 40 (30%) women reported using oral steroids compared with nine (9%) men.

    Women were more than five times (odds ratio=5.5,95% confidence interval 2.2 to 13.7) more likely to report use of oral steroids than men after asthma symptoms, age, visits to the general practitioner in previous six months, and time since diagnosis of asthma were controlled for.

    Women who had visited the general practitioner for asthma one or more times in the previous six months were four times (3.9,1.6 to 9.5) as likely to report use of oral steroids In addition, more frequent visits to the general practitioner for asthma were related in a dose-response manner to a greater likelihood of using oral steroids among women after asthma symptoms, age, and time since diagnosis were controlled for.

    This relation was not observed among men.

    Conclusion Women used oral steroids more than men. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Asthme, Sexe, Traitement, Etude comparative, Corticostéroïde, Stimulant bêta-adrénergique, Chimiothérapie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Human, Asthma, Sex, Treatment, Comparative study, Corticosteroid, bêta-Adrenergic receptor agonist, Chemotherapy, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0021935

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 31/05/1999.