Viral haemorrhagic disease of rabbits and human health.
Viral haemorrhagic disease of rabbits (VHD), a potential biological control for wild rabbits in Australia and New Zealand, escaped from quarantined field trials on Wardang Island and spread to the mainland of Australia in October 1995.
This study looked for any evidence of infection or illness in people occupationally exposed to the virus.
Two hundred and sixty-nine people were interviewed and 259 blood samples were collected.
Exposures to VHD-infected rabbits ranged from nil to very high.
No VHD antibodies were detected in any of the 259 sera when tested by VHD competitive enzyme immunoassay, which had been validated with 1013 VHDV-specific antibody negative sera.
A questionnaire designed to elicit symptoms of disease in a range of organ systems found no significant differences between illness in those exposed and those not exposed to VHD, nor could an association be found between exposure and subsequent episodes of illness.
The findings are consistent with the view that exposure to VHD is not associated with infection or disease in humans.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus maladie hémorragique lapin, Calicivirus, Caliciviridae, Virus, Oryctolagus cuniculus, Lagomorpha, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Gestion population, Lutte biologique, Lapin, Homme, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Transmission animal homme, Analyse risque, Dépistage, Sérologie, Australie, Océanie, Leporidae
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus, Calicivirus, Caliciviridae, Virus, Oryctolagus cuniculus, Lagomorpha, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Population management, Biological control, Rabbit, Human, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Transmission from animal to man, Risk analysis, Medical screening, Serology, Australia, Oceania
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0017452
Code Inist : 002A05C06. Création : 31/05/1999.