Onchoccrciasis is a human filarial infection responsible for an estimated 750 000 blind and severely visually disabled people.
In some African countries, this disease represents the main cause of blindness, with considerable socio-cconomic impact on the affected communities.
Since the introduction of ivermectin as a microfilaricidal agent, there is hope that visual loss from onchocerciasis can be eliminated through community-based ivermectin-distribution programmes.
The African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) has now been initiated, by the World Health Organization and World Bank, to distribute ivermectin in 19 African countries where onchoccrciasis is endemic.
Estimates of ivermectin coverage in distribution programmes for onchoccrciasis control have so far been based on the number of treatments given, in any one year, to a target population.
There is a need for a standardized method to evaluate, measure and monitor coverage over time.
In April 1996, a cluster random-sampling method was used to calculate coverage with ivermectin in an urban population of 30 000 people in the Central African Republic.
The method was adapted from that used to determine coverage by the WHO Expanded Programme on Immunization.
It proved to be inexpensive and easy to perform, requiring only local equipment and personnel.
The method used and results obtained in Bossangoa and the potential use of the technique in other distribution programmes are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Onchocercose, Filariose, Nématodose, Helminthiase, Parasitose, Infection, Programme, Distribution, Ivermectine, Méthode, Estimation, Couverture, Echantillonnage, République centrafricaine, Afrique, Exploration, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Antiparasitaire, OMS
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Onchocerciasis, Filariosis, Nematode disease, Helminthiasis, Parasitosis, Infection, Program, Distribution, Ivermectin, Method, Estimation, Coverage, Sampling, Central African Republic, Africa, Exploration, Human, Eye disease, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Parasiticid, WHO
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0016730
Code Inist : 002B05E03B4C. Création : 31/05/1999.