Prevalence of psychiatric disorder in the general population : Results of the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS).
This article reports the initial results of a prospective study on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the Dutch population aged 18-64.
The objectives and the design of the study are described elsewhere in this issue.
A total of 7076 people were interviewed in person in 1996.
The presence of the following disorders was determined by means of the CIDI : mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoses, and substance use disorders.
Psychiatric disorders were found to be quite common.
Some 41.2% of the adult population under 65 had experienced at least one DSM-III-R disorder in their lifetime, among them 23.3% within the preceding year.
No gender differences were found in overall morbidity.
Depression, anxiety, and alcohol abuse and dependence were most prevalent, and there was a high degree of comorbidity between them.
The prevalence rate encountered for schizophrenia was lower (0.4% lifetime) than generally presumed.
A comparison with findings from other countries is made.
Relevant determinants of psychiatric morbidity were analysed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Pays Bas, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Prevalence, Incidence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Netherlands, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0014445
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 31/05/1999.