A qualitative multiple case study design was used to examine communities across the United States that have developed coordinated community-based programs to assist rape victims.
Previous studies have suggested that coordinated community programs help victims obtain needed resources and services.
This study provided a follow-up examination of how and why these programs are helpful to rape victims.
In-depth interviews were conducted with rape victim advocates, rape crisis center directors, police officers, prosecutors, doctors, nurses, and rape survivors from 22 communities with coordinated programs.
A comparison sample of 22 communities with fewer coordinated programs was also obtained.
Results indicated that the high coordination communities had three types of programs to address sexual assault : coordinated service programs, interagency training programs, and community-level reform groups.
Although not all of these programs directly address service delivery for rape victims, they help create a community culture that is more responsive to victims'needs.
The research team and participants developed an explanatory model of why these program are effective in addressing rape victims'needs.
This model hypothesizes that coordinated programs reflect an understanding of the multiple contexts of service delivery and embody that knowledge in services that are consistent with victims'needs. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychologie communautaire, Analyse qualitative, Abus sexuel, Viol, Organisation santé, Santé mentale, Services sociaux, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Victimologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Community psychology, Qualitative analysis, Sexual abuse, Rape, Public health organization, Mental health, Social assistance, United States, North America, America, Human, Victimology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0014369
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 31/05/1999.