The study objective was to assess sick-leave among women investigated in a general population survey of alcohol dependence/abuse (ADA).
A total of 399 women, selected by stratified random sampling, were interviewed and diagnosed according to DSM-III-R.
Data on sick-leave were obtained by linkage with the Social Insurance records.
The study found that women with ADA but without other psychiatric disorders had an increased number of annual sick-leave spells - 1.82 compared with 1.47 in the reference population - whereas the mean duration was similar.
Women with ADA and other psychiatric disorders had 2.38 annual spells, but also considerably longer spells (mean 16.54 days vs 9.70).
Socio-economic differences were large, with the less privileged groups having both more and longer spells.
Stepwise multiple regression showed that both ADA and other psychiatric disorders contributed to high sick-leave incidence and duration, as, to a lesser extent, did low education and low social group (the last variable only affected duration of the spells).
The frequency of disability pension/long sickness spells was higher in women with ADA (odds ratio of 2.95).
We concluded that there is a strong association between ADA and sick-leave, which increases considerably in the presence of additional psychiatric disorders.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Association morbide, Trouble psychiatrique, Absentéisme, Milieu professionnel, Environnement social, Santé mentale, Suède, Europe, Homme, Femelle, Congé maladie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Concomitant disease, Mental disorder, Absenteeism, Occupational environment, Social environment, Mental health, Sweden, Europe, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0013654
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 31/05/1999.