Complications and risks of central venous catheter placement in children.
Since Aubaniac's first description in 1952, the use of central venous catheters has increased dramatically ; they are now considered commonplace.
Placement of these catheters, however, has an associated risk of morbidity and mortality.
In most cases, this risk is outweighed by the benefit gained, especially when long-term access to the central venous system is needed for multiple transfusions, chemotherapy, antibiotics, or parenteral nutrition.
A large number of central venous catheters are placed in children at our institution, usually by interns and residents.
To identify associated risks and complications, we reviewed the records of 1435 consecutive catheterizations in children over a 10-year period.
Data collected included age, sex, site of catheterization, type of catheter, primary disease, prior catheterizations, indication for placement, failed attempts, number of attempts, catheter misplacement, level of physician training, new needle punctures, and complications.
We then used logistic regression analysis to identify independent risk factors for complications.
We noted 39 (3. 1%) perioperative complications, including 19 (1.5%) arterial punctures, 10 (0.8%) pneumothoraces, 6 (0.5%) hemothoraces, 2 (0.2%) cases of superior vena cava syndrome, 1 (0. 1%) episode of ventricular fibrillation that required cardioversion, and 1 episode of bleeding that required a cutaneous suture. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Veine centrale, Cathétérisme, Incidence, Complication, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Critère âge, Enfant, Homme, Etude longitudinale, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Voie abord, Veine, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Central vein, Catheterization, Incidence, Complication, Risk factor, Evaluation, Age criterion, Child, Human, Follow up study, Cardiovascular disease, Surgical approach, Vein, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0006759
Code Inist : 002B26E. Création : 31/05/1999.