Incidence of hip fracture in Kuwait.
Background Hip fracture as a consequence of osteoporosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among the elderly.
Due to improving life expectancy, the number of elderly individuals is increasing more rapidly in the developing countries of Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and South America.
Incidence of hip fracture, which rises exponentially with age, varies substantially between countries and according to the age, sex, and ethnic distribution of the population.
Highest rates are observed in Scandinavia and in whites in the US, intermediate in western Europe, and the lowest rates in Asia.
Little is known about the epidemiology of hip fractures in the Middle Eastern populations.
In particular, there are no published reports from any of the Arab countries.
We have therefore estimated the incidence of hip fracture in Kuwait and compared it with other populations.
Methods The study was conducted at a specialized orthopaedic hospital which provides services to residents in the three governorates-representing about 70% of the total population of Kuwait.
All new hip fracture patients who were operated on or treated conservatively during the 4-year period (1992-1995) were included in the study.
Hip fracture was defined as clinical and radiological evidence of fracture of the proximal femur.
For comparison with other populations, age-specific incidence rates in females and males aged >=50 years were standardized to the 1985 US population. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Fracture, Col fémoral, Ostéoporose, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Personne âgée, Homme, Koweit, Asie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Traumatisme, Fémur, Membre inférieur, Ostéopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fracture, Femoral neck, Osteoporosis, Epidemiology, Incidence, Elderly, Human, Kuwait, Asia, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Trauma, Femur, Lower limb, Bone disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0004263
Code Inist : 002B16H. Création : 31/05/1999.