Chile has undergone an epidemiological and nutritional transition.
In children, there has been an important decline in the rates of nutritional deficit, measured as weight/height (W/H) and height/age (H/A) with a corresponding increase in the prevalences of overweight and obesity.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze these changes and present the results to the institutions in charge of large scale food programs to act accordingly with the current nutritional situation of their beneficiaries.
This is a descriptive population-based study, which utilized the data collected by the nutritional information systems operating within the two programs with the widest coverage, the Complementary Feeding and the School Feeding Programs.
The beneficiaries of the first one are infants and preshoolers, and although those of the second one are primary and secondary school children, the system only collects data on first graders.
Results show that in terms of W/H, the percentage of undemourished children was already very low in 1985 and almost inexistent by 1995.
With regard to growth retardation, 9.6% of children under 6 and 11% of children in first grade were stunted a decade ago.
This proportion declined considerably, and is presently a problem only in 4.8% of first graders.
Stunting in this group increases with age and was found to be more common among boys.
With respect to nutritional excess, obesity rates have increased rapidly, 56% in children under 6. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Chili, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Variation interannuelle, Alimentation, Retard staturopondéral, Obésité, Carence alimentaire, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant, Age préscolaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Chile, South America, America, Interannual variation, Feeding, Growth retardation, Obesity, Nutritional deficiency, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder, Infant, Human, Child, Preschool age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0003906
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.