A comparison of work-related injury visits and other injury visits to emergency departments in the United States, 1995-1996.
Estimates ofnonfatal work-related injuries range from 6 to 13 million annually, and the most serious of these injuries are presented to hospital emergency departments (EDs).
To describe work-related injury ED visits in the United States, we examined data from the 1995-1996 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, which is a national probability sample survey of visits to EDs of non-federal, short-stay, and general hospitals.
In 1995-1996, an annual average of 4 million work-related injury ED visits were made by persons 16 years of age and over.
The average annual rate of work-related injury visits was 3.5 per 100 workers, and the rate of nonwork-related injury visits was 11.2 per 100 persons.
Persons 16-19 years of age had a higher work-related injury visit rate (6.9 per 100 full-time equivalents [FTEs]) than did those 20 years of age and over (3.4 per 100 FTEs).
Males had higher work-related injury visit rates (4.3 per 100 FTEs) than females (2.4 per 100 FTEs).
The leading cause of injury and diagnosis for work-related injury ED visits were « cuts » (16%) and « open wound » (22%), respectively.
Determining appropriate preventive action will reduce the number of workers injured and may result in financial savings for industries and health care systems.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident travail, Médecine travail, Service urgence, Hospitalisation, Consultation hospitalière, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Recherche rétrospective, Comparaison interindividuelle, Sexe, Age, Incidence
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational accident, Occupational medicine, Emergency department, Hospitalization, Hospital consultation, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Human, Retrospective searching, Interindividual comparison, Sex, Age, Incidence
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0003744
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.