Background The objective of this paper is to describe sources of information on HIV/AIDS and their relationship with AIDS-related knowledge and sexual behaviour in a rural area of south Senegal.
Methods A cross-sectional study using a standardized questionnaire was administered in 1994 by local interviewers to 240 men and 242 women aged 15-59 years, randomly selected from the general population.
Results Sources of HIV/AIDS information most frequently cited were radio for men (61% of men) and the local health centre for women (52% of women).
Among men, citing radio as a source of information was associated with an improved overall AIDS-related knowledge (a seven-questions based average score was 4.30 for men citing radio acquired information and 5.90 for men not citing radio acquired information ; P<10-4) and was associated with a smaller number of casual sexual partners in the 12 months preceding the interview (1.94 versus 1.48 ; P=0.04).
Women citing the local health centre as a source of HIV/AIDS information had a better perception of condom use and more often felt threatened by HIV/AIDS, but did not declare a significantly different number of casual sex partners in the 12 months preceding the interview.
Television as a source was cited by 42% of men and 33% of women and was associated with an increased AIDS-knowledge score for men, with a smaller number of casual sex partners for women and with better perception of condoms for men. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Comportement sexuel, Connaissance, Source information, Zone rurale, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Homme, Prévention, Sénégal, Afrique, Questionnaire, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sexual behavior, Knowledge, Information source, Rural area, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Evaluation, Human, Prevention, Senegal, Africa, Questionnaire, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0001891
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 31/05/1999.