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  1. Fulltext. Neighbors for a smoke free north side : Evaluation of a community organization approach to promoting smoking cessation among African Americans.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study evaluated a community organization approach that emphasized involvement of audiences in program planning and implementation in promoting nonsmoking among African American resident sof low-income neighborhoods.

    Methods

    The quasi-experimental design involved a 24-month ointervention in 3 low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in St.

    Louis.

    Intervention neighborhoods were compared with comparable, untreated neighborhoods in Kansas City.

    Results

    The program was successful in enganging audience members in tis gobercance and in instigating numerous and diverse neighborhood activities to promote nonsmoking.

    The prevalence of smoking declined form 34% to 27% in program neighborhoods but only from 34% to 33% in comparison neighborhoods.

    This difference was apparent within all demographically defined subsamples, indicating that observed changes were consistent and not attributable to confounding by demographic characteristics.

    Conclusions

    A community organization approach emphasizing local authority for program decisions and involvement of informal networks may have an appreciable impact on smoking among residents of low-income, African American neighborhoods.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Quartier voisinage, Programme sanitaire, Africain, Américain, Promotion santé, Evaluation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Neighbourhood, Sanitary program, African, American, Health promotion, Evaluation, United States, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0001260

    Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 31/05/1999.