To assess whether the United States Navy is disproportionately attracting and recruiting female smokers from the civilian sector.
Methods-Standardised comparisons of cigarette use among Navy women recruits and civilian women were conducted with data from a 1996-97 Department of Defense study and the 1994 National Health Interview Survey.
Young Navy women recruits (18-22 years) had significantly higher rates of current and heavy smoking than their civilian counterparts after adjusting for differences in sociodemographic characteristics.
Smoking rates among older recruits and civilian women (23-30 years) were not significantly different.
Conclusions-It seems that the Navy attracts young civilian women who already smoke, many of whom smoke heavily.
Mots-clés Pascal : Marine, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévalence, Fumeur, Epidémiologie, Recrutement, Tabagisme, Facteur sociodémographique, Etude cohorte, Homme, Femelle, Comparaison interindividuelle, Profession
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Marine, United States, North America, America, Prevalence, Smoker, Epidemiology, Recruitment, Tobacco smoking, Sociodemographic factor, Cohort study, Human, Female, Interindividual comparison, Profession
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0000847
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.