We tested the hpothesis that among older workers, disabilities in general, and hearing and visual impairments in particular, are risk factors for accupational injuries.
Using the first 2 interviews of the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative survey of Americans aged 51 to 61 years, we conducted a prospective cohort study of 5600 employed nonfarmers.
Testing a logistic regression model developed in a previous cross-sectional study, we found that the following accoupations and risk factors were associated with occupational injury as estimated by odds ratios :
service personnel, odds ratio=1.71 (95% confidence interval=1.13,2.57) ;
mechanics and repairers, 3.47 (1.98,6.10) ;
operators and assemblers, 2.33 (1.51,3.61) ;
self-employment, 0.50 (0.34,0.73) ;
and self-reported disability, 1.58 (1.14,2.19).
Replacing the general disability variable with specific hearing and visual impairment variales, we found that poor hearing (1.35 [0.95,1.93]) and poor sight (1.45 [0.94,2.22]) both had elevated odds ratios.
Poor sight and poor hearing, as well as work disabilities in general, are associated with occupational injuries among older workers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Blessure, Incapacité, Trouble audition, Trouble vision, Homme, Age 50-59, ORL pathologie, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Injury, Disability, Auditory disorder, Vision disorder, Human, Age 50-59, ENT disease, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0000439
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 31/05/1999.