Occupational injuries among older workers with disabilities : A prospective cohort study of the health and retirement survey, 1992 to 1994.
We tested the hpothesis that among older workers, disabilities in general, and hearing and visual impairments in particular, are risk factors for accupational injuries.
Using the first 2 interviews of the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative survey of Americans aged 51 to 61 years, we conducted a prospective cohort study of 5600 employed nonfarmers.
Testing a logistic regression model developed in a previous cross-sectional study, we found that the following accoupations and risk factors were associated with occupational injury as estimated by odds ratios :
service personnel, odds ratio=1.71 (95% confidence interval=1.13,2.57) ;
mechanics and repairers, 3.47 (1.98,6.10) ;
operators and assemblers, 2.33 (1.51,3.61) ;
self-employment, 0.50 (0.34,0.73) ;
and self-reported disability, 1.58 (1.14,2.19).
Replacing the general disability variable with specific hearing and visual impairment variales, we found that poor hearing (1.35 [0.95,1.93]) and poor sight (1.45 [0.94,2.22]) both had elevated odds ratios.
Poor sight and poor hearing, as well as work disabilities in general, are associated with occupational injuries among older workers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Blessure, Incapacité, Trouble audition, Trouble vision, Homme, Age 50-59, ORL pathologie, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Injury, Disability, Auditory disorder, Vision disorder, Human, Age 50-59, ENT disease, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0000439
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 31/05/1999.