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  1. Point of care testing in the accident and emergency department : a cost analysis and exploration of financial incentives to use the technology within the hospital.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To compare the costs of currents arrangements for testing emergency blood samples from patients attending an accident and emergency (A & E) department in a large teaching hospital in England with point of care testing (POCT).

    Methods 

    Estimates were made of the fixed and variable costs of two options : a supplemental option, in which POCT was introduced to A & E only ; and a replacement option, in which POCT was introduced to A & E and the intensive therapy unit (ITU), thereby entirely replacing an existing process.

    Results 

    For the supplemental option, current arrangements cost £68 466 in total per year ; average costs per test were £5.53 (venous in the central laboratory) and £3.60 (arterial on the ITU).

    Introducing POCT would increase total hospital costs by £35 929, and average costs per test would be £5.32 (venous) and £4.28 (arterial).

    For the replacement option, current arrangements cost £132 630 in total, and average cost per test (for all tests) was £4.06.

    Introducing POCT would make hospital savings ranging from £8332 to £20 000, and average cost per test would be £3.78.

    Conclusions 

    Introducing POCTresults in lower average costs per test.

    The supplemental option will result in significantly increased costs to the hospital.

    The replacement option can lead to significant savings. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Analyse coût efficacité, Sciences économiques, Hôpital, Sang, Transfusion, Traitement, Stratégie, Essai, Médecin, Pratique professionnelle, Royaume Uni, Europe, Monde, Produit, Sécurité, Prévention accident, Prévention, Santé, Politique sanitaire, Europe Ouest, Aspect politique, Géographie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cost efficiency analysis, Economics, Hospital, Blood, Transfusion, Treatment, Strategy, Test, Physician, Professional practice, United Kingdom, Europe, World, Product, Safety, Accident prevention, Prevention, Health, Health policy, Western Europe, Political aspect, Geography

    Notice produite par :
    ORS Auvergne - Observatoire Régional de la Santé d'Auvergne

    Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 31/05/1999.