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  1. Central venous catheter bloodstream infections in the neonatal intensive care unit.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose 

    The goal of this study was to identify symptoms and signs related to central venous catheter (CVC) bloodstream infections (BSI) in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients that would predict infection and to identify factors that might influence CVC longevity.

    Methods 

    This was a retrospective cohort study evaluating 268 lines representing a total of 5,212 CVC days placed in 157 NICU patients over 29 months by the pediatric surgery and neonatology services at one children's hospital.

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) criteria were used to determine laboratory-confirmed BSI.

    Data were analyzed by univariate methods and logistic regression and determined significant at the P less than. 05 level.

    Results 

    Sixty-five lines (24%) from 54 patients had confirmed CVC BSI.

    Fever (49%) and pulmonary dysfunction (30%) were the most common symptoms of CVC BSI.

    Erythema or purulent discharge at the insertion site was found in only 20% of cases.

    Staphylococcus epidermidis was the most common organism isolated.

    Factors that significantly decreased the incidence of CVC BSI were increasing estimated gestational age (EGA ; P<. 0013) at time of insertion, associated vancomycin use at the time of catheter placement (P<. 0057), and fewer days of catheter use (P<. 0291).

    There were no significant differences noted caused by line location or catheter type.

    Conclusion 

    Fever and pulmonary dysfunction were the most common signs of CVC BSI in neonates. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Cathéter, Veine centrale, Complication, Infection, Etude cohorte, Etude statistique, Kentucky, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Facteur risque, Vancomycine, Nouveau né, Homme, Prématuré, Glycopeptide, Polypeptide, Unité soin intensif, Nouveau né pathologie, Antibiotique, Antibactérien

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Catheter, Central vein, Complication, Infection, Cohort study, Statistical study, Kentucky, United States, North America, America, Risk factor, Vancomycin, Newborn, Human, Premature, Glycopeptide, Polypeptide, Intensive care unit, Newborn diseases, Antibiotic, Antibacterial agent

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0535821

    Code Inist : 002B27B14B. Création : 23/03/1999.