Analysis of third-party certification approaches using an Occupational Health and Safety conformity-assessment model.
The occupational health and safety conformity-assessment model presented in this article was developed (1) to analyze 22 public and private programs to determine the extent to which these programs use third parties in conformity-assessment determinations, and (2) to establish a framework to guide future policy developments related to the use of third parties in occupational health and safety conformity-assessment activities.
The units of analysis for this study included select Occupational Safety and Health Administration programs and standards, International Organization for Standardization-based standards and guidelines, and standards and guidelines developed by nongovernmental bodies.
The model is based on a 15-cell matrix that categorizes first-second-and third-party activities in terms of assessment, accreditation, and accreditation-recognition activities.
The third-party component of the model has three categories :
industrial hygiene/safety testing and sampling ;
product, equipment, and laboratory certification ;
and, occupational health and safety management system registration/certification.
Using the model, 16 of the 22 programs were found to have a third-party component in their conformity-assessment structure. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Hygiène travail, Sécurité travail, Normalisation, Certification, Essai conformité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Occupational hygiene, Work safety, Standardization, Certification, Conformance testing
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0535064
Code Inist : 001D16C06. Création : 23/03/1999.