This study depicts the long-term change in youths'alcohol use and impaired driving behaviors associated with the establishment of the drinking age laws.
Five telephone surveys were conducted with youths aged 16to 24 in 10 sampled New York State counties in 1982,1983,1985,1986, and 1996.
Analysis of the self-reported data showed that, 10 years after the enactment of the 21 drinking age law, alcohol use among 18-19-and 20-year-olds decreased by up to 58%. Alcohol purchase rates of 19-and 20-year-olds were reduced by 70% from 1985 to 1996.
Although impaired driving rates declined over the survey years for each age group, ~25% of all underage respondents in 1996 reported that they had ridden in a vehicle with an impaired driver.
Findings from this research indicate that alcohol purchase, alcohol use, and impaired driving have declined among the targeted youth groups as a result of the 21 drinking age law.
However, continued efforts need to focus on both underage drinking and impaired driving/riding with impaired drivers, because they remain serious public health risks among the youth population.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethanol, Consommation, Législation, Conduite véhicule, Adulte jeune, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, New York, Long terme, Accident circulation, Adolescent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethanol, Consumption, Legislation, Vehicle driving, Young adult, Human, United States, North America, America, New York, Long term, Traffic accident, Adolescent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0534032
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 23/03/1999.