A general and dramatic deterioration of health in Estonia during the transition period 1990-1994 was analysed using Sweden as a comparative example.
Though there were diverging trends between Estonia and Sweden in the leading cause of death, cardiovascular diseases, the gap in mortality from injury had increased most rapidly.
While the injury mortality rate slightly decreased in Sweden from 1990 to 1994, it almost doubled in Estonia.
In 1994, the total injury death rate for men was about 6 times higher in Estonia than in Sweden.
The death rates for some types of injuries, such as alcohol intoxication and homicide, were many tenfolds higher in Estonia than in Sweden.
Injury contributed the most to the widening health gap between the countries, especially in males.
The mechanisms of this sudden health deterioration remain to be fully explained.
It could be hypothesised that behind the traditional behavioural risk factors, the influence of socio-political factors related to economic and political reconstruction is present.
A widespread risk-taking and unhealthy behaviour among Estonians can likely be partly explained as a way of coping with the distress created by the new demands of transition society.
An important challenge on the way to improvement is creating the political will among policy-makers to confront the tremendous problems of controlling the factors in society that affect the population's health in Estonia.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Economie santé, Evaluation, Santé, Homme, Système santé, Etude comparative, Estonie, Europe Est, Europe, Suède, Politique sanitaire, Santé physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Health economy, Evaluation, Health, Human, Health system, Comparative study, Estonia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Sweden, Health policy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0533669
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 23/03/1999.