To investigate the incidence of complications in the use of assisted reproductive technology in the management of infertile couples.
The Egyptian IVF & ET Center.
Maadi, Cairo, Egypt.
Two thousand nine hundred twenty-four patients underwent IVF-ET or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in 3,500 cycles.
ICSI, ejaculate sperm, epididymal sperm aspiration, and testicular sperm extraction.
Complications of the procedure and complications of pregnancy in 702 patients.
Fifteen hundred ovum pickups for IVF-ET and 2,000 ovum pickups for ICSI were performed.
Clinical pregnancy occurred in 1.078 patients (30.8%). Four groups of complications were identified.
Complications of the procedure occurred in 291 patients (8.3%). Complications of pregnancy included ectopic pregnancy in 1.9%. heterotopic pregnancy in 0.2%, abortion in 20.6%, multiple pregnancy in 28%. pregnancy-induced hypertension in 10%, preterm labor in 21.5%, low birth weight in 30.5%, and intrauterine death in 2%. Coincidental complications occurred in five patients (0.15%). Other complications that were difficult to measure included psychological breakdown and socioeconomic problems.
Assisted reproductive technology is effective for the management of infertility and has an acceptable incidence of complications.
Complications rarely endanger the life of the patient. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Procréation assistée, Complication, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Fécondation in vitro transfert embryon, Injection spermatozoïde intracytoplasmique, Biopsie, Spermatozoïde, Homme, Egypte, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Assisted procreation, Complication, Incidence, Epidemiology, In vitro fertilization embryo transfer, Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, Biopsy, Spermatozoa, Human, Egypt, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0532822
Code Inist : 002B20A04. Création : 23/03/1999.