A gene variant that increases disease risk will be overrepresented among diseased persons, even compared with their own biologic parents.
This insight has led to tests based solely on the asymmetric distribution of a variant allele among cases and their parents (e.g., the transmission/disequilibrium test).
Existing methods focus on effects of alleles that operate through the offspring genotype.
Alleles can also operate through the mother's genotype, particularly for conditions such as birth defects that have their origins in fetal life.
An allele working through the mother would have higher frequency in case-mothers than in case-fathers.
The authors develop a log-linear method for estimating relative risks for alleles in the context of case-parent triads.
This method is able to detect the effects of genes working through the offspring, the mother, or both.
The authors assume Mendelian inheritance, but Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is unnecessary.
Their approach uses standard software, and simulations demonstrate satisfactory power and confidence interval coverage.
This method is valid with a self-selected or hospital-based series of cases and helps to protect against misleading inference that can result when cases and controls are randomly sampled from a population not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
Mots-clés Pascal : Allèle, Génotype, Gène, Marqueur biologique, Marqueur génétique, Mère, Facteur risque, Maladie, Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, Analyse statistique, Modèle, Homme, Etude familiale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Allele, Genotype, Gene, Biological marker, Genetic marker, Mother, Risk factor, Disease, Epidemiology, Methodology, Statistical analysis, Models, Human, Family study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0532475
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 23/03/1999.