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  1. Fulltext. Prevalence of hearing loss in older adults in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin : The epidemiology of hearing loss study.

    Article - En anglais


    There are no recent population-based data on the prevalence of hearing loss in older adults using standard audiometric testing.

    The population-based Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study was designed to measure the prevalence of hearing loss in adults aged 48-92 years, residing in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin.

    Hearing thresholds were measured with standardized protocols using pure-tone air-and bone-conduction audiometry in sound-treated booths.

    The examination also included an otoscopic evaluation, screening tympanogram, and a questionnaire on hearing-related medical history, noise exposure, other potential risk factors, and self-perceived hearing handicap.

    Of the 4,541 eligible people, 3,753 (82.6%) participated in the hearing study (1993-1995).

    The average age of participants was 65.8 years, and 57.7% were women.

    The prevalence of hearing loss was 45.9%. The odds of hearing loss increased with age (odds ratio (OR)=1.88 for 5 years, 95% confidence interval (Cl) 1.80-1.97) and were greater for men than women (OR=4.42,95% Cl 3.73-5.24).

    The male excess of hearing loss remained statistically significant after adjusting for age, education, noise exposure, and occupation (OR=3.65).

    These results demonstrate that hearing loss is a very common problem affecting older adults.

    Epidemiologic studies are needed to understand the genetic, environmental, and sex-related determinants of age-related hearing loss and to identify potential intervention strategies.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Surdité, Sexe, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Vieillard, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, ORL pathologie, Trouble audition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hearing loss, Sex, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Elderly, Human, United States, North America, America, ENT disease, Auditory disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0532468

    Code Inist : 002B10D02. Création : 23/03/1999.