To determine the prevalence of substance use among adolescents with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and to assess available opportunities for rheumatologists to identify high risk teens.
Fifty-two teens (mean age 13.9 years, 86% female) completed questionnaires regarding substance use (alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and other illicit substances), functional disability, and frequency of health care contacts.
Alcohol use was reported by 30.7% of teens, including 23.5% of those for whom methotrexate was prescribed ; 15.4% reported tobacco use in the last year, and 13.4% reported other illicit substance use in their lifetime, although most use was experimental.
No teen reported marijuana use.
The majority reported regular contact with their rheumatologist but only 26.9% were ever interviewed alone.
Many teens with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, including those prescribed methotrexate, used substances, especially alcohol.
When rheumatologists see adolescents, particularly in situations where methotrexate may be prescribed, a clinical setting conducive to confidentiality, physician comfort in asking about sensitive topics such as substance abuse, and referral relationships with skilled adolescent health and substance abuse counseling providers are essential.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arthrite chronique juvénile, Adolescent, Homme, Toxicomanie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Alcoolisme, Facteur risque, Comportement, Chronique, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rhumatisme inflammatoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Adolescent, Human, Drug addiction, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Alcoholism, Risk factor, Behavior, Chronic, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Inflammatory joint disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0530791
Code Inist : 002B15D. Création : 23/03/1999.