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  1. Low back pain and lifestyle. Part I : Smoking. Information from a population-based sample of 29,424 twins. Point of view.

    Article - En anglais

    Study Design

    A cross-sectional postal survey of 29,424 people aged 12-41 years obtained from a population-generated panel of twin individuals.

    Objectives

    To study whether smoking causes low back pain. of Background Data.

    Despite insufficient evidence in the epidemiologic literature, it has become increasingly accepted that smoking causes low back pain and that discontinuation of smoking is a suitable means of secondary prevention.

    Methods

    Dose-response was examined for smoking (daily use, number of years smoked, and total cigarette use during the years of smoking) in correlation with low back pain (occurring 1-7 days, 8-30 days, and>30 days in the past year).

    A possible modifying effect was studied for age, gender, and body mass index.

    A negative gradient was sought in relation to the time since smoking was discontinued.

    The prevalence of low back pain was studied in monozygotic twin pairs, only one of whom smoKea.

    Results

    There was a significant positive association between smoking and low back pain that increased with the duration of low back pain : occurring 1-7 days (odds ratio, 1.4), 8-30 days (odds ratio, 2.1), and more than 30 days (odds ratio, 3) in the past year. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Lombalgie, Facteur risque, Jumeau, Epidémiologie, Mode de vie, Tabagisme, Analyse corrélation, Symptomatologie, Adulte, Homme, Adulte jeune, Adolescent, Douleur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low back pain, Risk factor, Twin, Epidemiology, Life habit, Tobacco smoking, Correlation analysis, Symptomatology, Adult, Human, Young adult, Adolescent, Pain, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0530776

    Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 23/03/1999.