A cross-sectional postal survey of 29,424 people aged 12-41 years obtained from a population-generated panel of twin individuals.
To study whether smoking causes low back pain. of Background Data.
Despite insufficient evidence in the epidemiologic literature, it has become increasingly accepted that smoking causes low back pain and that discontinuation of smoking is a suitable means of secondary prevention.
Dose-response was examined for smoking (daily use, number of years smoked, and total cigarette use during the years of smoking) in correlation with low back pain (occurring 1-7 days, 8-30 days, and>30 days in the past year).
A possible modifying effect was studied for age, gender, and body mass index.
A negative gradient was sought in relation to the time since smoking was discontinued.
The prevalence of low back pain was studied in monozygotic twin pairs, only one of whom smoKea.
There was a significant positive association between smoking and low back pain that increased with the duration of low back pain : occurring 1-7 days (odds ratio, 1.4), 8-30 days (odds ratio, 2.1), and more than 30 days (odds ratio, 3) in the past year. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Lombalgie, Facteur risque, Jumeau, Epidémiologie, Mode de vie, Tabagisme, Analyse corrélation, Symptomatologie, Adulte, Homme, Adulte jeune, Adolescent, Douleur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low back pain, Risk factor, Twin, Epidemiology, Life habit, Tobacco smoking, Correlation analysis, Symptomatology, Adult, Human, Young adult, Adolescent, Pain, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0530776
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 23/03/1999.