Since Durkheim, epidemiological studies have revealed a significant, complex association between unemployment and suicidal behaviour.
The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between parasuicide and job instability, including unemployment, French social measures against unemployment and occasional work.
Demographic data, personal and familial characteristics were collected in 541 suicide attempters.
Seventy-seven per cent were socially active, with 61.5% in regular employment, and 38.5% in precarious employment.
The female-to-male ratio approached 2 in the securely employed sample, and fell to 1 for those with poor social and professional integration.
Depression, parasuicide, and alcohol abuse were more common in the families of repeaters in secure employment.
The impact of the familial psychiatric background was no longer significant in the job insecurity group.
Fostering in childhood was a risk factor for repeat suicidal behaviour in the group with job insecurity.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tentative suicide, Chomage, Epidémiologie, France, Europe, Facteur sociodémographique, Antécédent, Trouble psychiatrique, Histoire familiale, Homme, Insécurité emploi
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide attempt, Unemployment, Epidemiology, France, Europe, Sociodemographic factor, Antecedent, Mental disorder, Family story, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0523906
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 23/03/1999.