Detection and treatment of psychiatric illness in a general medical ward : A modified cost-benefit analysis.
This article describes a prospective, randomized, controlled trial of screening and treatment for psychiatric disorder in medical in-patients.
The study has assessed whether increased recognition of psychiatric disorder among medical in-patients improves clinical outcome and reduces the costs of care, and whether routine involvement of a psychiatrist in the assessment and care of medical in-patients with probable psychiatric disorder is superior to the efforts of the physicians alone.
A total of 218 medical in-patients who scored over the screening threshold for psychiatric disorder on the General Health Questionnaire were randomly allocated to one of two intervention groups or a control group.
Six months later their mental health, subjective health status, quality of life, and costs of care was reassessed.
Mental health and quality of life at 6 months were similar in the two intervention groups and the control group.
Patients whose physicians were told the results of the screening test had lower costs for subsequent admissions, but this was probably due to differences between the groups in terms of employment status.
Treatments recommended by psychiatrists broke down when patients were discharged home, leading to inadequate treatment of psychiatric disorders.
We have not been able to show that routine screening for psychiatric disorder produces any benefit, either in better outcome for patients or reduced costs for the NHS. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychiatrie liaison, Diagnostic, Traitement, Médecine générale, Service hospitalier, Hôpital, Trouble psychiatrique, Analyse avantage coût, Organisation santé, Economie santé, Dépistage, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Liaison psychiatry, Diagnosis, Treatment, Internal medicine, Hospital ward, Hospital, Mental disorder, Cost benefit analysis, Public health organization, Health economy, Medical screening, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0521829
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 23/03/1999.