One hundred and sixty-one beauticians and hairdressers (146 women and 15 men) were examined for the presence of hand dermatitis and those with hand eczema were patch tested with a battery of antigens standardised for beauticians.
Forty-two (26.1%) subjects were found to have hand dermatitis and of these, in 31 (69.3%) the patch tests were positive ; the following antigens elicited a positive response ; paraphenylene diamine (35.5%), rubber antigens (22.6%, nickel (22.6%), shampoos (12.9%), ammonium thioglycollate (9.7%), ammonium persulphate (3.%), henna mixture (3.2%) and detergents (6.5%). In addition, irritant reaction was seen in 7 ; in 5 patients it was to shampoos and in 2 to ammonium persulphate.
Of the 8 patients who, on questioning, had a history of atopy, 7 (87.5%) had hand eczema, while 1 (12.5%), dit not, and this difference was statistically significant (p<0.001), suggesting that beauticians with a bistory of atopy were more likely to develop hand eczema.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dermatite, Main, Maladie professionnelle, Composé irritant, Allergie, Homme, Coiffeur, Inde, Asie, Résultat, Patch, Allergène, Peau pathologie, Esthéticien
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dermatitis, Hand, Occupational disease, Irritant compound, Allergy, Human, Hairdresser, India, Asia, Result, Patch, Allergen, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0521606
Code Inist : 002B30B01A. Création : 23/03/1999.