Quality of life is being increasingly considered as an expected outcome of cardiac rehabilitation programs.
However, few instruments exist that reflect a multidimensional concept of quality of life including disease specific items.
This article outlines the method used by researchers to adapt Padilla and Grant's [Padilla, G., Grant, M., 1985.
Quality of life as a cancer nursing outcome variable.
Nursing Sci. 8 (1), 45--60. ] Quality of Life Index for use with a cardiac rehabilitation population.
A convenience sample of 222 subjects included three groups :
95 cardiac subjects enrolled in a program ;
51 cardiac subjects not enrolled in a program ;
and 76 healthy individuals.
Test-retest reliability yielded a coefficient of 0.81 and an alpha coefficient of 0.87.
Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a five factor solution.
These factors explained 60.8% of the variance at loadings of 0.43 or greater.
Contrasted groups approach to validity showed that the instrument differentiated between healthy subjects and those with cardiac illness (t=11.57 ; df=180 ; p<0.0001).
As anticipated convergent validity revealed a positive correlation between total scores obtained from Spitzer's [Spitzer, W.O., Dobson, A.J., Hall.
A., Chesterman, E., Levy, J., Shepherd, R., Battista.
R.N., Catchlove, B.R., 1981.
Measuring the quality of life in cancer patients : A concise QL index for use by physicians.
J. Chronic Dis. 34,585-597. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualité vie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Rééducation, Exercice physique, Programme sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Méthodologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality of life, Cardiovascular disease, Reeducation, Physical exercise, Sanitary program, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Methodology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0521230
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 23/03/1999.