The negative impact of maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy on the growth and development of the foetus has been well documented.
However, the long-term effects of the subsequent cognitive and physical development of the child are less clearly understood.
This article presents a critical review of the literature on this topic.
The review shows that the effects of prenatal exposure to smoking on children's physical development are mediated by a dose-response relationship.
Although the observed effects are long term, they are small and may have no major functional importance.
The evidence on the long-term consequences of intellectual function is still unclear.
One reason is that very few studies have looked at the long-term consequences of maternal smoking on both physical and cognitive development.
More effort is needed to investigate this important issue.
Mots-clés Pascal : Nicotine, Fumeur, Tabagisme, Gestation, Descendance, Tératogenèse, Mère, Enfant, Homme, Développement postnatal, Long terme, Développement cognitif, Epidémiologie, Toxicité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nicotine, Smoker, Tobacco smoking, Pregnancy, Progeny, Teratogenesis, Mother, Child, Human, Postnatal development, Long term, Cognitive development, Epidemiology, Toxicity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0520732
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 23/03/1999.