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  1. Lifetime and twelve-month prevalence rates of major depressive episodes and dysthymia among Chinese Americans in Los Angeles.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    The authors'goal was to estimate the lifetime and 12-month rates of major depressive episodes and dysthymia for Chinese Americans who reside in Los Angeles.

    This effort, the Chinese American Psychiatric Epidemiological Study, is the first large-scale community psychiatric epidemiological study on an Asian American ethnic group that used DSM-III-R criteria for major depressive episodes and dysthymia.

    Method 

    A multi-stage sampling design was used to select respondents for participation in the survey.

    The sample included 1,747 adults, 18-65 years of age, who resided in Los Angeles County and who spoke English, Mandarin, or Cantonese.

    Results 

    Approximately 6.9% of the respondents had experienced an episode of major depression and 5.2% had had dysthymia in their lifetime.

    The 12-month rates of depressive episode and dysthymia were 3.4% and 0.9%, respectively.

    The most consistent correlate of lifetime and 12-month depressive episode and dysthymia was social stress, measured by past traumatic events and recent negative life events.

    Conclusions 

    The Chinese American Psychiatric Epidemiological Study provides a rare opportunity to investigate the heterogeneity within a single Asian American ethnic group, Chinese Americans, and to identify the subgroups among Chinese Americans who mav be most at risk for mental health problems.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Dysthymie, Durée vie, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Ethnie, Démographie, Homme, Trouble humeur

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Dysthymia, Lifetime, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Ethnic group, Demography, Human, Mood disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0519448

    Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 23/03/1999.