The Orphans of Eritrea : Are orphanages part of the problem or part of the solution ?
This study compared the mental health and cognitive development of 9-to 12-year-old Eritrean war orphans living in two orphanages that differed qualitatively in patterns of staff interaction and styles of child care management.
The directors and several child care workers at each institution were asked to complete staff organization and child management questionnaires.
The psychological state of 40 orphans at each institution was evaluated by comparing their behavioral symptoms and performance on cognitive measures.
Orphans who lived in a setting where the entire staff participated in decisions affecting the children, and where the children were encouraged to become selfreliant through personal interactions with staff members, showed significantly fewer behavioral symptoms of emotional distress than orphans who lived in a setting where the director made decisions, daily routines were determined by explicit rules and schedules, and interactions between staff members and the children were impersonal. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Guerre, Victimologie, Institution spécialisée, Environnement social, Développement cognitif, Développement social, Facteur risque, Trouble psychiatrique, Organisation santé, Santé mentale, Erythrée, Afrique, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Orphelin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : War, Victimology, Specialized institution, Social environment, Cognitive development, Social development, Risk factor, Mental disorder, Public health organization, Mental health, Eritrea, Africa, Child, Human, School age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0519428
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 23/03/1999.