Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of arterial hypertension in an elderly population in Belgium.
To study the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of arterial hypertension in the elderly population in Belgium.
An age-and sex-stratified sample of 2212 Belgian subjects aged 65 years or more, selected from the original cohort of the Belgian Interuniversity Research on Nutrition and Health (BIRNH) study ; participation in this follow-up study was 72.6%. Methods : Blood pressure (BP) was measured at home by trained technicians using a standard protocol.
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) was defined as a systolic BP >=160 mm Hg and a diastolic BP<95 mm Hg.
Diastolic hypertension was defined as a diastolic BP >=95 mm Hg.
The total hypertensive population was defined as all those with ISH, diastolic hypertension and with BPs<160-95 mm Hg but currently taking anti-hypertensive drugs.
Awareness and treatment status were investigated through a structured interview.
The prevalence of arterial hypertension was 43.9%, higher in women than in men and increasing with age in women ; elevated BP was found in 22.3 to 28.6% of the participants varying by age and sex.
In the>75-year-old subjects this elevation was in two-thirds of the cases due to ISH ; 84% of all female hypertensives were aware of the condition compared to 68% in men.
Treatment advice had been given in a majority of the aware subjects and two-thirds of all treated persons was under control. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Vieillard, Homme, Belgique, Europe, Epidémiologie, Antihypertenseur, Traitement, Chimiothérapie, Efficacité traitement, Prévalence, Prise conscience, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Elderly, Human, Belgium, Europe, Epidemiology, Antihypertensive agent, Treatment, Chemotherapy, Treatment efficiency, Prevalence, Awareness, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0518330
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 23/03/1999.