To study the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of arterial hypertension in the elderly population in Belgium.
An age-and sex-stratified sample of 2212 Belgian subjects aged 65 years or more, selected from the original cohort of the Belgian Interuniversity Research on Nutrition and Health (BIRNH) study ; participation in this follow-up study was 72.6%. Methods : Blood pressure (BP) was measured at home by trained technicians using a standard protocol.
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) was defined as a systolic BP >=160 mm Hg and a diastolic BP<95 mm Hg.
Diastolic hypertension was defined as a diastolic BP >=95 mm Hg.
The total hypertensive population was defined as all those with ISH, diastolic hypertension and with BPs<160-95 mm Hg but currently taking anti-hypertensive drugs.
Awareness and treatment status were investigated through a structured interview.
The prevalence of arterial hypertension was 43.9%, higher in women than in men and increasing with age in women ; elevated BP was found in 22.3 to 28.6% of the participants varying by age and sex.
In the>75-year-old subjects this elevation was in two-thirds of the cases due to ISH ; 84% of all female hypertensives were aware of the condition compared to 68% in men.
Treatment advice had been given in a majority of the aware subjects and two-thirds of all treated persons was under control. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Vieillard, Homme, Belgique, Europe, Epidémiologie, Antihypertenseur, Traitement, Chimiothérapie, Efficacité traitement, Prévalence, Prise conscience, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Elderly, Human, Belgium, Europe, Epidemiology, Antihypertensive agent, Treatment, Chemotherapy, Treatment efficiency, Prevalence, Awareness, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0518330
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 23/03/1999.