1997 Annual Meeting of the Section on Surgery of the American Academy of Pediatrics. New Orleans, LA, USA, 1997/10/31.
A recent legislative effort in New Hampshire to institute a graduated licensing system for teenagers (TA) led to an analysis of state data on fatal crashes involving TA drivers.
This provides an overview of these events and suggests possible prevention strategies.
Data on fatal crashes involving TA drivers was obtained for the years 1991 through 1996 from the Fatal Accident Unit, Division of State Police, New Hampshire Department of Safety.
From 1991 through 1996, there were 100 events resulting in 109 total deaths, of which 76 were TA.
Five involved motorcycles.
Four drivers struck pedestrians, and two struck children on bicycles.
In one case, an object fell from a truck, crushing a car.
The remaining 88 were single-or multiple-car crashes, and these were analyzed further.
Two thirds of the drivers were boys.
The driver breakdown by age was 15 years, 3 ; 16 years, 21 ; 17 years, 26 ; 18 years, 20 ; 19 years, 18.
The TA driver was killed in 47% of the events.
Nineteen percent resulted in the death of the driver of another car.
In 62 events, there were passengers in the TA's car, and in 55% of these, a passenger was killed.
Twenty percent of the crashes involved drugs or alcohol, and almost two thirds of these occurred between 10 : 00 PM and 6 : 00 AM.
Seat belts were not used by at least 72% of those injured fatally.
In 59%, known traffic violations, usually speeding, contributed. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Accident circulation, Adolescent, Homme, Facteur risque, Boisson alcoolisée, Conduite véhicule, Nuit, Législation, New Hampshire, Permis conduire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Traffic accident, Adolescent, Human, Risk factor, Alcoholic beverage, Vehicle driving, Night, Legislation, New Hampshire
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0513413
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 23/03/1999.