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  1. High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Gerona, Spain, a province with low myocardial infarction incidence.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective-To establish the prevalence of main cardiovascular risk factors in the province of Gerona, where the incidence ofmyocardial infarction is known to be low.

    Design-This was a cross sectional study of prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors conducted on a large random population sample.

    Setting-The province of Gerona, Spain

    Participants-Two thousand four hundred and four eligible inhabitants of Gerona aged between 25 and 74 years were randomly selected for a multi-stage sample stratified by age and sex.

    The following were standardly measured 

    Lipids (total cholesterol, high density, low density, lipoprotein (a) and triglycerides), fibrinogen, basal glycaemia, arterial pressure, anthropometric variables, smoking, history of angina (Rose questionnaire), and a medical history questionnaire.

    Population measurements were standardised for the world population of 24 to 74 years of age.

    Results

    The participation rate was 72.7% (1748).

    Total mean cholesterol was 5.69 mmol/l in men and 5.61 mmol/l in women and mean high density cholesterol was 1.22 mmol/l and 1.47 mmol/l, respectively.

    Median lipoprotein (a) was 0.22 g/l. These three lipids increased significantly with age.

    Mean fibrinogen was 2.92 g/l in men and 3.09 g/l in women, and was higher in smokers.

    The prevalence of hypertension (systolic arterial tension >=140 mm Hg or diastolic >=90 mm Hg or drug treatment) was 31.3% in men and 27.7% in women.

    The proportion of male smokers was 33. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Infarctus, Myocarde, Incidence, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Espagne, Europe, Variation géographique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infarct, Myocardium, Incidence, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Spain, Europe, Geographical variation, Cardiovascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0512210

    Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 23/03/1999.