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  1. Septicaemia in an Austrian neonatal intensive care unit : a 7-year analysis.

    Article - En anglais

    The results of blood cultures and clinical data of 101 neonates with 110 episodes of septicaemia during a 7-y study period were reviewed.

    The overall incidence of culture-proven sepsis within the study period was 6.0 per 100 neonatal intensive care unit admissions and the mortality rate was 14%, Three groups of pathogens accounted for 70% of all isolates : coagulase-negative staphylococci (27%), aerobic Gram-negative rods (24%) and Enterococcus faecalis (19%). Group B streptococcus was the major pathogen of very early-onset septicaemia (within 24 h of birth), whereas late-onset infections were most commonly caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci.

    Birthweight<1500 g. gestational age<30 weeks of gestation and early onset of symptoms within the first week of life were associated with poor prognosis.

    In addition, the case fatality rate of episodes caused by Gram-negative organisms was significantly higher than that of Gram-positive bacteraemia.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Unité soin intensif, Nouveau né, Homme, Prématuré, Septicémie, Infection nosocomiale, Epidémiologie, Bactérie Gram négatif, Bactérie Gram positif, Etude statistique, Incidence, Facteur risque, Mortalité, Australie, Océanie, Microbiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Intensive care unit, Newborn, Human, Premature, Septicemia, Nosocomial infection, Epidemiology, Gram negative bacteria, Gram positive bacteria, Statistical study, Incidence, Risk factor, Mortality, Australia, Oceania, Microbiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0512099

    Code Inist : 002B27B10. Création : 23/03/1999.