This research examined the impact of including a supportive person on the outcomes of two culturally sensitive AIDS education programs, an education-only (traditional) program and a program combining education with self-esteem and coping enhancement (specialized).
Research participants in this quasi-experimental study included 241 homeless women, who were randomly assigned by residence (drug treatment program or shelter) to one of four treatment groups.
The outcomes measured at baseline, 6, and 12 months were risk behaviors, cognitive factors, and psychological functioning.
Study results demonstrated significant improvements at both 6 and 12 months for the entire sample in all psychological, behavioral and cognitive outcome variables except active coping.
Women in the specialized program improved more on AIDS knowledge and reduction in non-injection drug use than did those in the traditional program, but their active coping scores declined.
Participation of a supportive person did not appear to have any effect on outcome.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Sans domicile fixe, Toxicomanie, Programme sanitaire, Education santé, Risque, Comportement, Coping, Estime soi, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Homme, Femelle, Etude comparative, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Homeless, Drug addiction, Sanitary program, Health education, Risk, Behavior, Coping, Self esteem, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Human, Female, Comparative study, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0511447
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 23/03/1999.