To evaluate the association of chlorophenol exposure with soft tissue sarcoma risk independent of phenoxyherbicide exposure, the authors analyzed data from the Selected Cancers Study, a population-based case-control study that included 295 male soft tissue sarcoma cases, aged 32-60 years, from eight population-based cancer registries and 1,908 male controls.
Chlorophenol exposure was assigned using both an intensity and a confidence estimate by an industrial hygienist based on verbatim job descriptions.
Seventeen percent of the jobs rated as high intensity involved wood preservation, while 82% involved cutting oils.
Soft tissue sarcoma risk, modeled using conditional logistic regression, was significantly associated with ever having high-intensity chlorophenol exposure (odds ratio=1.79,95% confidence interval 1.10-2.88).
A duration-response trend was evident among more highly exposed subjects (p for trend<0.0001).
For subjects with 10 or more years of substantial exposure, the odds ratio was 7.78 (95% confidence interval 2.46-24.65).
These results suggest that chlorophenol exposure independent of phenoxyherbicides may increase the risk of soft tissue sarcoma.
Because of the large number of machinists in the exposed group and the complex composition of cutting fluids, it is possible that another exposure involved in machining is responsible for the observed excess risk.
Mots-clés Pascal : Sarcome, Partie molle, Exposition professionnelle, Chlorophénol, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Mâle, Médecine travail, Toxicité, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Tumeur maligne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sarcoma, Soft tissue, Occupational exposure, Chlorophenol, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Male, Occupational medicine, Toxicity, United States, North America, America, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0510837
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 23/03/1999.