HIV/STD prevention interventions for adolescents : Cost-effectiveness considerations.
Every year, millions of American adolescents are infected with STDs, including HIV.
The personal, social, and economic consequences of adolescent STD infection are substantial.
Fortunately, school-based, individually-focused and community-level educational and sexual risk reduction interventions can help prevent the spread of STDs among adolescents.
However, very little is known about the economic efficiency, or cost-effectiveness, of such programs.
Because funding for HIV/STD prevention programs is limited, health departments and other decision makers need accurate information about the cost-effectiveness of various prevention programs to help them appropriately target spending.
This study :
(I) reviews the magnitude of the multiple STD epidemics among adolescents ; (2) describes selected STD prevention interventions that have been shown to be effective at reducing adolescents'risk for contracting STDs ; and (3) discusses the cost-effectiveness of these programs, using what is known about the economic efficiency of HIV/STD prevention programs for adults as a guideline, and taking into account factors unique to the adolescent population.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Education santé, Analyse coût efficacité, Coût, Comportement sexuel, Facteur risque, Prévention, Adolescent, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Health education, Cost efficiency analysis, Costs, Sexual behavior, Risk factor, Prevention, Adolescent, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0509340
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 23/03/1999.