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  1. Assessing the predictive ability of the test-positive findings of an elementary school vision screening.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to assess the predictive ability of the test-positive findings of an elementary school vision screening program, conducted by 2nd-year optometry students, in identifying children with eye or vision disorders.

    Methods

    A modified version of the Modified Clinical Technique (MCT) vision screening was administered to elementary children from a below-average socioeconomic neighborhood in Houston, Texas.

    Comprehensive eye and vision examinations were provided to the available children who failed the vision screening.

    The screening was administered by groups of 2nd-year optometry students with the assistance of a 4th-year optometry student, and supervised by a faculty member licensed to practice optometry.

    The follow-up examinations were provided by supervised 4th-year optometry students in a clinical setting based at the elementary school.

    Positive predictive values calculated from the screening and examination findings estimate the probability that a failure on one or more of the screening tests would identify children with eye or vision disorders.

    Results

    Sixty-nine percent of the test-positive children examined were found to be true positives by the criteria developed in a study of vision screening methods in Orinda, California from 1954 through 1956. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble vision, Dépistage, Age scolaire, Enfant, Homme, Test clinique, Programme sanitaire, Valeur prédictive, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Oeil pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vision disorder, Medical screening, School age, Child, Human, Clinical test, Sanitary program, Predictive value, California, United States, North America, America, Eye disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0505470

    Code Inist : 002B24K. Création : 19/02/1999.