Specific fears and phobias : Epidemiology and classification.
Background Data on eight specific fears representing DSM - III-R simple phobia were analysed to evaluate : (a) their prevalence and (b) the validity ofsubtypes of specific phobia defined by DSM-IV.
Method A modified version ofthe Composite International Diagnostic Interview was administered to a probability sample of 8098 community respondents.
Correlates of responses to questions concerning these fears were analysed.
Results The most prevalent specific fears were of animals among women, and of heights among men.
Slight evidence was found for specific phobia subtypes.
Number of fears, independent oftype, powerfully predicted impairment, comorbidity, illness course, demographic features, and family psychopathology.
Conclusion Number of specific fears may mark a general predisposition to psychopathology.
More detailed information is needed to resolve the question ofspecific phobia subtypes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Phobie, Forme clinique, Typologie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Trouble anxieux
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Phobia, Clinical form, Typology, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Human, Anxiety disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0505432
Code Inist : 002B18C08C. Création : 19/02/1999.