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  1. The epidemiology of ocular injury in a major US automobile corporation.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose Although occupational eye injuries account for a large proportion of ocular injuries, few industry-specific data have been published.

    To address this problem, we examined the epidemiology of eye injuries in a large automobile corporation.

    Methods The study population included all hourly-paid persons employed between July 1989 and June 1992 at 33 plants of the UAW-Chrysler Corporation.

    Incident ocular injury data were obtained from an active surveillance system.

    Year-end employee censuses were used to estimate the population at risk.

    Results A total of 1983 work-related eye injuries occurred over the 3 year period, with an incidence rate of 14.9 per 1000 person-years.

    Workers aged 20-29 years had the highest incidence of eye injuries (28.2 per 1000 person-years).

    Men had a higher incidence of injury than women across all ages, with an age-adjusted incidence of 15.6 per 1000 person-years and age-adjusted relative risk of 1.5 (95% confidence interval : 1.4,1.6).

    Superficial foreign bodies and comeal abrasions made up 86.7% of all injuries while open globe injury occurred in only 3 cases.

    Only 25% of workers had been using some form of eye protection at the time of injury.

    Almost one-third (32.3%) of ocular injuries resulted in the inability of workers to resume their normal duties for at least 1 day.

    Conclusion Workplace eye injuries in the automotive industry account for significant avoidable morbidity and lost productivity.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Oeil, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Automobile, Industrie, Exposition professionnelle, Accident travail, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Médecine travail

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Eye, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Motor car, Industry, Occupational exposure, Occupational accident, Human, Eye disease, Occupational medicine

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0502973

    Code Inist : 002B30B01B. Création : 19/02/1999.