The epidemiology of ocular injury in a major US automobile corporation.
Purpose Although occupational eye injuries account for a large proportion of ocular injuries, few industry-specific data have been published.
To address this problem, we examined the epidemiology of eye injuries in a large automobile corporation.
Methods The study population included all hourly-paid persons employed between July 1989 and June 1992 at 33 plants of the UAW-Chrysler Corporation.
Incident ocular injury data were obtained from an active surveillance system.
Year-end employee censuses were used to estimate the population at risk.
Results A total of 1983 work-related eye injuries occurred over the 3 year period, with an incidence rate of 14.9 per 1000 person-years.
Workers aged 20-29 years had the highest incidence of eye injuries (28.2 per 1000 person-years).
Men had a higher incidence of injury than women across all ages, with an age-adjusted incidence of 15.6 per 1000 person-years and age-adjusted relative risk of 1.5 (95% confidence interval : 1.4,1.6).
Superficial foreign bodies and comeal abrasions made up 86.7% of all injuries while open globe injury occurred in only 3 cases.
Only 25% of workers had been using some form of eye protection at the time of injury.
Almost one-third (32.3%) of ocular injuries resulted in the inability of workers to resume their normal duties for at least 1 day.
Conclusion Workplace eye injuries in the automotive industry account for significant avoidable morbidity and lost productivity.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Oeil, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Automobile, Industrie, Exposition professionnelle, Accident travail, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Eye, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Motor car, Industry, Occupational exposure, Occupational accident, Human, Eye disease, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0502973
Code Inist : 002B30B01B. Création : 19/02/1999.